94 Factors Affecting Health. Carbon dioxide enters through tiny holes in a plant's leaves, flowers, branches, stems, and roots. External factors include both natural and human factors. Proper diet and nutrition during infancy and toddler years will also promote normal growth and physical development. Life expectancy. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE CHILD HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT: There are many factors, both biological and environmental, that impact on child health and development - genetic, familial, environmental, community and societal. Faculty of educational Institutions were taken as the sample size of 301.Uttar Pradesh has been considered as a geographical location. Development Agency, 2013: 1-5; Ladzani & Netswera, 2009: 14-21). According to Humans Resources and Skills Development Canada, "A safe and comfortable place to live is fundamental to our sense of wellbeing. Factors Effecting The Development of Disease Epidemic 15. Infection is distinguished from disease, a morbid process that does not necessarily involve infection (diabetes, for example, is a disease with no known causative agent). 15 . MATERNAL NUTRITION Concerns about nutrition during pregnancy fall into basic areas, maternal weight gain and nutrient intake Maternal weight gain - during pregnancy results from variety of factors: Maternal dietary intake, prepregnancy weight and height, length of gestation, and size of fetus. PROFESSOR D.Y.P.S.O.N SUBMITTED TO , MISS . 2. Host factors A. Factors affecting development 1. When there is a high degree of overlap (as the shaded area becomes larger), there will be a moderate to high amount of disease. Heart disease is a catch-all phrase for a variety of conditions that affect the heart's structure and function. Factors that affect the development of epidemic 18. GDP per Capita. Adequate energy intake and diversified diet that includes fruits, vegetables and animal products throughout the life cycle helps ensure that women enter pregnancy and lactation without deficiencies and obtain . Education. Environmental factors that affect Development of Plant Diseases Environment can determine whether disease will occur or not. The genetic variations found in the in vitro cultured cells are collectively referred to as somaclonal variations. Persons who have TB disease are usually infectious and may spread the bacteria to other people. Small Businesses are often regarded as high risk operations locally and globally 7. economic factors, also influence the contextual balance of variables that are related to the health and disease process in children and adolescents. Diseases and conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, obesity, etc., can also be passed through genes, thereby affecting the growth and development of the child adversely. conditions and climate variability also can affect human health via indirect path-ways, particularly via changes in biological and ecological processes that inﬂu-ence infectious disease transmission and food yields. Biological factors that affect physical development in childhood include heredity, genetics, and ethnicity. The plants derived from such cells are referred to somaclones. fPRE HARVEST FACTORS AFFECTING THE QUALITY IN POST HARVEST SHELF LIFE OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ARE: Water supply (Irrigation): Growing plants need a continuous water supply for both photosynthesis and transpiration. Health and Human Development - Factors that affect food selection: subcultures Subcultures * Similarly, children who grow up learning to adhere to specially chosen or prepared foods for religious reasons will continue to be influenced by these experiences. Most viral infections are subclinical, suggesting that body defenses . Disease will ONLY occur if these three factors interact simultaneously. INTRODUCTION The Process Of Growth And Development Starts Before The Baby Born I.E. The pH influences the antimicrobial activity by altering the disinfectant molecule or the cell surface 413. Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) have been receiving increasing attention for more than two decades. Environmental factors such as tobacco smoke and air pollution also contribute to the onset of allergic disease, asthma, and other respiratory diseases. • Generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body. The virulence factors and determinants used by bacteria to interact with the host can be unique to specific pathogens or conserved across several different species or even genera. This interference with one or more of a plant's essential physiological or biochemical systems elicits . This chapter examines the inﬂuences of climatic factors on infectious diseases. 17. The 2009 National Research Council and Institute of Medicine (NRC and IOM) report gives careful consideration to the individual risk and protective factors that affect healthy MEB development in children and adolescents (NRC and IOM, 2009).These factors are considered within a model in which the child is at the center of concentric rings of . What are the three factors required for photosynthesis? Abstract. The effects of man-made and natural environments (and the interaction between the two) on the development of chronic diseases are increasingly recognized. Illness and physical abnormalities greatly influence a child's physical development. Pathogenic mechanisms include implantation of the virus at a body site (the portal of entry), replication at that site, and then spread to and multiplication within sites (target organs) where disease or shedding of virus into the environment occurs. Disease Triangle 5. A predisposing factor to disease is a substance, event, characteristic or condition that contributes to the disease's onset. Virus transmission is affected by a number of factors, including environmental determinants, host behavior, host defense mechanisms, and virus infectivity. Therefore, the presence of a free water molecule is important for the optimum growth of the microorganism. It indicates the level of human development. For learning to take place effectively, there has to be an By, Kavya.M, M.K.813, IIIAg.Ma.Co., U.A.S (B). What factors affect population growth? Increasing evidence indicates Diseases most commonly occur during wet, warm days and night and on plants heavily fertilized with nitrogenous fertilizers. Cigarette advertising appears to affect young people's perceptions of the per Moisture. Some people have a genetic predisposition to develop respiratory diseases. Endurance running has become an immensely popular sporting activity, with millions of recreational runners around the world. HOUSING. Respiratory viruses are spread from person to person via various modes of transmission, including direct and indirect contact, droplet spray, and aerosol. • Temperature • Moisture • Wind • Light • Soil pH Environmental Factors Influences 1) Growth & susceptibility of host 2) Multiplication & activity of pathogen 3) Interaction between the host & pathogen (3) 4. Water is an essential component for the growth of the bacteria. FACTORS AFFECTING DEVELOPMENT: Maternal Nutrition Child Nutrition Early Sensory Stimulation. The top six leading risk factors are all linked to potential development of long-term diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancers. If a teacher lacks knowledge in a subject, that dearth of understanding is passed along to the students. The shared environment refers to the environmental factors that were the same for all siblings (e.g. When housing is inadequate or unavailable, individual as well as community . These observations show the importance of the interplay between genetic background and . Nutrition plays a large role, as well, and includes not only the child's nutrition but also the prenatal nutrition and the health of the child's mother. Environment • Environment is a composite of many elements, not merely the natural surroundings, but all external conditions, which have an effect on the human health and development. However, differences in ethnic factors may affect the efficacy and safety of drugs even within Asia; carbamazepine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis is one such example. FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT SUBMITTED TO ; MRS . Factors for successful disease development 6. There are many different factors involved in parasitism. wellbeing may suffer (Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2011)." Small Businesses are often regarded as high risk operations locally and globally Primary Factors. Among the natural resources, the land area and the quality of the soil, forest wealth, good river system, minerals and oil-resources, good and bracing climate, etc., are included. Cardiovascular Disease: Definition . Uncertainties remain with respect to the relative importance of these factors and the . The table below shows the ten most common risk factors that caused a large portion of total global deaths in 2004 according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). 5. progression from LTBI to TB disease (Figure 2.4). Several factors can affect physical development in early childhood. A critical premise of epidemiology is that disease and other health events do not occur randomly in a population, but are more likely to occur in some members of the population than others because of risk factors that may not be distributed randomly in the population. The length and regularity of menstrual cycles reflect changes in ovarian steroid production (1, 2).Premenopausal steroid hormone levels may have an important influence on subsequent development of chronic diseases in women (1- 5).Therefore, studies to assess factors affecting menstrual cycle characteristics . Schematic diagram of the interrelationships of the factors involved in plant disease epidemics. The ICF conceptualises a person's level of functioning as a dynamic interaction between her or his health conditions, environmental factors, and personal factors. Evidence suggests that the likelihood of pandemics has increased over the past century because of increased global travel and integration, urbanization, changes in land use, and greater . host . SA is ranked 123-187. NISHA MANE ASSOC. Host Factors Pathogen Factors Environmental Factors Effect of Human Cultural Practices and Control Measures (Human Activities) Time factors Factors 16. Lifestyle factors that affect individuals, such as tobacco use and physical inactivity, are increasingly recognized as playing a role in the development of chronic disease. pathogen, and a . 80% of the bacterial cell is made up of water. Quot factors affecting disease development slideshare Rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and the factors... 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